Having life insurance coverage is essential for anybody that has someone dependent upon them, financially or emotionally. Now, before you apply for a life policy, you must understand how the life insurance industry works. Life insurance isn’t hard to understand by any means. There are two entities involved with every life insurance policy process, namely the insured, the company you’ll obtain the life policy through, and the insured, the person that owns the policy, in this case you. You, the insured or covered person, agrees to pay a small amount of money for a fixed number of years. This amount is known as policy premium. In the unfortunate event of the policy holder passing away throughout the policy period, the insurance company will pay out the policy amount to the beneficiaries selected by the policy holder.
A life policy is a lot like a legal contract. There are specific clauses to agree to. For instance, if the insured should commit suicide within the first two years of having the policy, the insurance company won’t pay out the claim. Or if the insured provides details that are discovered to be wrong, the insurance company can declare the policy void.
Policies are priced in such a way that they cover claims to be paid, admin bills and of course, they have to make some profit. So, for each person that applies for a policy, an expert called an “actuary” determines the person’s fatality table. They do this by considering the person’s age, gender, wellbeing, hobbies and behavior. The family health history also plays a role when determining what the person’s life policy premium would be.
This investigation done by the insurance company is called underwriting. They’ll investigate the life policy candidate’s lifestyle by looking into their family history, health and way of life. If the company find the applicant to be too much of a risk to cover, they won’t grant them a policy. The company will, if the person is a high risk, but still insurable, hike their monthly premiums as a result of high risk.
Even though different insurance providers may have different terms and conditions, each of them have specific standard industry clauses as well, for example the beneficiary clause. The clause states that only the policy holder can change, remove or add beneficiaries onto their policies, for apparent reasons of course. Nonetheless, all insurance companies have terms and conditions and it is essential that you go through and understand these clauses.
Upon the insured’s death, the insurance company requires a proof of death certificate before proceeding with payment. If the insured’s death is found to be suspicious the slightest bit, the insurance provider may choose to investigate the death. If there are no signs of foul play, the insurance provider will pay the claim to the beneficiaries in roughly 2 weeks.
Obtaining a life policy is a crucial part of every person’s life and really should not be forgotten. There are ways to make your policy premium cheaper, but always make sure that you’re adequately covered, as being under insured can have disastrous consequences.